At home, lesson 8

Kotona

at home

Your relatives always want to know how are you. Here you learn how to tell about your recent life.

Matti saapuu kotiin. Äiti kysyy häneltä kuulumisia.

Lexicon

saapua
to arrive
vielä
still
seurustella
to date, to be with
erota
to separate, to broke up, to split
tyttö
girl
ahkerasti
hard; työskennellä ahkerasti - to work hard
terve
healthy, well
yskä
cough
käydä lääkärissä
to see a doctor, "to visit a doctor"
mennä ohi
to pass
itsestään
by itself
vaatteet
clothes
muistaa
to remember
pukeutua
to dress, to wear
lämpimästi
warm
lähteä
to leave
ulos
out
täytyä
must
hoitaa asioita
to manage things
illallinen
dinner

Nut-participle

Participles are verb forms, which behave like adjectives. In English, you get participle by adding -en or -ed after the verb, in Finnish you add -nut . (or -nyt, because of the vowel harmony)

juopunut mies
a drunken man
hyvin säilynyt nainen
well-preserved lady

In plural, -nut is -neet:

If the stem ends with a consonant, the -n assimilates with the previous consonant:

assimilation of n
olla -> ollut (to be, been)
kävellä -> kävellyt (to walk, walked)
opiskella ->opiskellut (to stydy, studied)
surra -> surrut ( to mourn, mourned)

Read more about the nut-participle.

Perfect tense

The nut-participle is important because perfect tense is formed by it. This is similar to English: you use olla-verb in the appropriate form (olla = to be, to have) and nut-participle.

Sinä olet opiskellut.
You have studied.
Me olemme eronneet.
We have separated.

Imperative

Imperative is used in commands. You can easily form imperatives: just drop the last n from 1.st singular form and you have the imperative.

opiskelen -> opiskele!
I study -> study!
muistan -> muista!
I remember -> remember!

The negation verb is älä in imperative

Älä ole kauan!
Do not stay for long!

More about imperatives

Exercises


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