At home, lesson 8

Kotona

at home

Your relatives always want to know how are you. Here you learn how to tell about your recent life.

Matti saapuu kotiin. Äiti kysyy häneltä kuulumisia.

Lexicon

Nut-participle

Participles are verb forms, which behave like adjectives. In English, you get participle by adding -en or -ed after the verb, in Finnish you add -nut . (or -nyt, because of the vowel harmony)

juopunut mies
a drunken man
hyvin säilynyt nainen
well-preserved lady

In plural, -nut is -neet:

juopuneet miehet
drunken men

If the stem ends with a consonant, the -n assimilates with the previous consonant:

assimilation of n
olla -> ollut (to be, been)
kävellä -> kävellyt (to walk, walked)
opiskella ->opiskellut (to stydy, studied)
surra -> surrut ( to mourn, mourned)

Read more about the nut-participle.

Perfect tense

The nut-participle is important because perfect tense is formed by it. This is similar to English: you use olla-verb in the appropriate form (olla = to be, to have) and nut-participle.

Sinä olet opiskellut.
You have studied.
Me olemme eronneet.
We have separated.

Imperative

Imperative is used in commands. You can easily form imperatives: just drop the last n from 1.st singular form and you have the imperative.

opiskelen -> opiskele!
I study -> study!
muistan -> muista!
I remember -> remember!

The negation verb is älä in imperative

Älä ole kauan!
Do not stay for long!

More about imperatives

Exercises


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