Personal conjugation of the verbs
There are six persons in Finnish. They are formed by adding an ending after the stem of the verb. The endings are always the same. The stem depends on the verb type.
The endings are:
kysyä (to ask)
|minä kysyn (I ask)||me kysymme (we ask)|
|sinä kysyt (you ask)||te kysytte (you ask)|
|hän kysyy (he/she asks)||he kysyvät (they ask)|
The 3rd singular form (he/she) is marked by a long vowel. If the word is short, and there are already two vowels, the 3rd form is the stem.
For example: syö-dä: minä syön, sinä syöt, hän syö (not *syöö).
The endings are always the same, but different types of verbs have a different stem. More on the article about verb types. The endings are also the same in the past tense forms.
Personal forms and personal pronouns
Because verb conjugation indicates the subject, personal pronouns can also be left out in 1st and 2nd person:
- minä puhun suomea = puhun suomea
- I speak Finnish.
- me puhumme suomea = puhumme suomea
- We speak Finnish.
However, it's recommended to use the pronoun in the 3rd person:
- Hän puhuu englantia.
- He speaks English.