Nouns, adjectives and pronouns
Nouns, adjectives and pronouns are called nominals. In Finnish they behave alike, that's why they are introduced under the same chapter.
- Nouns are "things". They can be very concrete, such as "a car", "a house", or more abstract such as "democracy", "beauty". Some nouns are derived from verbs and in English they may look like verbs, for example "a walk".
- Pronouns are used instead of nouns, for example, instead of using a word "car" you can point at it and say "that". Read more about pronouns.
- Adjectives describe things, words like "small", "red" and "beautiful" are adjectives. The special feature of adjectives is, that they have comparative forms, for example: "small, smaller, smallest".
Different forms of nominals
Nominals are inflected in cases. Here are some examples and English equivalents. NB! All the examples are very artificial because there's no exact translation. Read all the articles behind the links to understand the case system in whole.
|essive||talona||as a house|
|translative||taloksi||into a house|
|abessive||talotta||without a house|
|inessive||talossa||in a house|
|elative||talosta||from a house|
|illative||taloon*||to/into a house|
|adessive||talolla||on/by a house|
|ablative||talolta||from a house|
|allative||talolle||to a house|
Plural marking is -t in nominative case, and otherwise i (j when between two vowels )