Russian loanwords in Finnish language

There are less loan words from Russian than you might think. Finnish has taken more words from Swedish. Many of the Russian loanwords in Finnish are only in colloquial use. Then of course, there are common words which are loan words in both languages.

ikkuna, окно, window

kapakka, кабак, bar

kasku, ска́зка, joke (originally “legend”)

koni, конь, horse (colloq.)

kutrit, кудри, curls

leima, клеймо, stamp

lusia, служить, to serve time (in jail or army, colloq.)

lusikka, ложка, spoon

majakka, маяк, a light house

pappi, поп, a priest

piirakka, пирог, pie

pohatta, богатый, rich or powerful ( colloq.)

porkkana, borkan, carrot

putka, будка, jail (orignally a cabin, colloq.)

puuhka, пух, muff or fluff

pätsi, печь, oven (colloq.)

remontti, ремонт, renovation

risti, крести, a cross

rokuli, прогул, missing work (colloq.)

rotu, род, race

rukkanen, рукавица , mitten

rusakko, русак, a brown rabbit

saapas, сапог, a boot

savotta, завод, timber, (originally a factory)

siisti, чистый, clean

tarina, старина, story (originally “old times”)

tavara, товар, commodity

tolkku, толк, sense (colloq.)

torakka, таракан, a cockroach

toveri, товарищ, a comrade

tuumata, думать , to think (colloq.)

tyrmä, тюрьма, a jail (colloq.)

vaino, война eli sota

vapaus, свобода, freedom

vesseli, весёлый, a little boy (originally “happy”, colloq.)

viesti, весть, message

voro, вор, a thief (colloq.)

bonjata, понять, to understand (colloq.)

hotsittaa, хоте́ть, to want (colloq.)

kohmelo, похмелье, a hangover (colloq.)

lafka, лавка, a shop or business (colloq.)

mesta, место, a place (colloq.)

palttoo, пальто, a long coat

sapuska, закуска, food (colloq.)

voda, вода, water

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